Resources galore!

I would like to hear from you about what you would like to see on a website that would help you as an English language teacher or trainer.

My favourite websites are (which is Canadian) and (which is British). offers complete lessons plus individual grammar worksheets. The only drawback with their lessons are that of course they have a North American flavour. was constructed by an Irish woman named Seonaid and contains (for teachers) masses of grammar worksheets.

I have asked a number of teachers/trainers what their favourite sites are. Most people I asked teach ELICOS students, and a few teach from the EAL Framework .

Among the answers are:
I had to click three times to find a worksheet on prepositions and even then there was nothing immediately downloadable.
After three clicks I still had not found a worksheet.
This caters for pre-school to high school and I kept clicking and clicking and not getting anywhere.
Searched with the word prepositions and got nothing.

Two teachers are Murphy aficionados. And you can’t go past those two Murphy books.
Probably one of the better ones.

And then there’s replete with blog – and the resources within the site are exactly what those teaching from the EAL Framework need to help prepare their students for assessments.

Happy clicking!

How this website will help you

If you teach from the EAL Framework then the assessments you give your students may have been written by Stephen Pollard.

He will have examined closely the EAL Framework 2019. He will have started with a module or unit which looks like this: VU22603. He will have looked particularly at the elements of the unit, starting with element 1. Then he will have addressed each performance criteria. So, if he is looking to write an assessment for VU22603 he will have started with 1.1 (Element 1, performance criteria 1).

In developing worksheets and activity sheets for this website I, too, have looked closely at every performance criteria, just as assessment writers have done. And I have made sure I have devised worksheets and activity sheets for every performance criteria that I can.

So they are worksheets that are as close to the assessments that you can get. How fantastic for your students. Too often in assessments students have been suddenly faced with screens or pages and have no idea how to start. Just imagine how much easier it will be if you are able to prime your students with worksheets which are talking about the very same things the assessment is talking about?

At an average of $7.50 a month, a year’s subscription is a steal at $95.

Come on, give your students the advantage they deserve.


Types of student? Or types of programmes?

ELICOS students generally attend an RTO (Registered Training Organisation) for a set program which lasts a certain number of weeks. Course books used include such British texts as Speak Out. In my experience, the main reason why a student signs up for an ELICOS course is to be able to extend their time in this country. Occasionally, you will get an RTO whose teaching program for their international students is an accredited course. In those cases students will sign on to study from the EAL Framework at levels such as EAL 1, EAL 2, 3 or 4 or from the CSWE Curriculum – Certificate 1 in Spoken and Written English, or Certificate Two, Three or Four but this is becoming rarer. Generally ELICOS students use a British course book and have regular tests.
The other type of student is the migrant who is a person in the community who has, at least, PR, (Permanent Residency). This means they will have a Medicare Card, and often a Health Care Card. These sorts of students are usually heavily subsidised by the government when they study English, so it costs them very little to go to English class. A lot of RTOs who have a heavy migrant intake teach courses from the EAL Framework. But some still teach from the CSWE Curriculum, and I would agree that at least Units 1 to 7 in Cert 1 in Spoken and Written English book are excellent for low level speakers of English. Among other things, these units address pronunciation, which is something the EAL Framework is lagging behind in, although with the introduction of Course in Initial EAL and Course in EAL there is evidence to suggest that this is beginning to change…

The Framework Itself

I’ve been teaching from the EAL Framework for a number of years and have recognised that it is made up of units which contain a number of elements. Of these elements come performance criteria, in which many of the words are bolded. Next, there’s the Required Knowledge & Skills section which is basically all the grammar that s to be covered for that unit. Then there is the Range Statement which gives further explanation of what those bolded words are referring to. And finally there is Evidence Guide which lists the least aspects of knowledge the student should have in order to pass this unit.

Occasionally, when I have been at a loss as what to do to fill a slot in my lesson planning, I go to the Required Knowledge and Skills section of the unit we are studying and look what grammar we need to cover while doing that unit and create a worksheet. For instance, just recently we have been doing a unit on transport, so I went to the R K & S part of VU22608 and decided we’d look at ”colloquial language related to transport.” From this, I created a matching exercise, did some vocabulary teaching, a concept check, a scanning exercise, a reading for detail exercise, and a spelling quiz,

The framework can be a bit of a goldmine.

Praising vs Encouraging

Don’t praise but encourage your students.

Many students strive to be 100 % correct. But remind them learning is about making mistakes and learning from them. I still get students, after an exercise, admit to me rather sheepishly that they got 2 wrong, and the feel guilty about admitting that. I tell them over and over that that is OK and that making mistakes is a good thing. But many of my students are often from difficult backgrounds and simply want strokes which, you know, is also understandable.

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